Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by the two sexes. Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from quite a few clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an article of dishabille and of night time apparel, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit More similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Utilized in London shops. A colleague furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is due to White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from soft material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently More use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Up to date
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Usually worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Even though pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have in some cases included the latter as being a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of limited gown top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now check with women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, More consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.